Bangladesh information: History, Capital, Population, Facts 2023

The country of Bangladesh is located in the South Asia region of the World, and has a population of around 163,000,000 (2013). The name Bangladesh means land of Bengal in Bengali. Dhaka is the capital city of Bangladesh. The National Day of Bangladesh commemorates the day in 1971 when the country achieved independence from Pakistan. The majority of people living in Bangladesh are Muslim. The official language is Bangla and it is used by 98.75% of the population. English is spoken by many educated people.

The area of Bangladesh is 147,570 square km (56,977 sq mi). Bangladesh is bordered by India on the east, south, and west; Myanmar is to the north-east. The national flag has three equal vertical bands of red (hoist side), green and red with a white trapezium in the center bearing a yellow star.

The Bangladesh Country Information Review

Country nameBangladesh
Full NamePeople’s Republic of Bangladesh ( গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ )
Official languageBangla
Area of Bangladesh147,570 square km (56,977 sq mi)
Religion90.4% Islam, 8.5% Hinduism, 0.6% Buddhism, 0.4% Christianity, 0.1% Others
Population161,376,708 ( 2018 estimate)
CurrencyTaka (৳) (BDT)
AnthemAmar Sonar Bangla
Independencefrom Pakistan
Independence Day Bangladesh26 March 1971
Victory Day Bangladesh16 December 1971
GDP (PPP)$1.070 trillion 2021 estimate
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Prime Minister of BangladeshSheikh Hasina

Bangladesh image

Bangladesh Geography

Bangladesh is a country in South Asia. Located at the heart of the continent, it is surrounded by India, with Myanmar in its southeastern tip, and separated from Nepal and Bhutan by the Indian states of West Bengal and Assam. The country’s geographic coordinates are 22 00 N, 88 00 E. Bangladesh is a low-lying, flat, sedimentary plain criss-crossed by a network of rivers and the world’s largest delta.

Bangladesh is the 8th biggest nation on the planet. It is located in South Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal to the south, India to the north, and Myanmar to the north-east. It covers a total area of 144,000 sq km (56,977 sq miles), making it a little bigger than Bulgaria. It has a population of 15 million (2015 estimate).

How it got Bangladesh name

Bangladesh got its name from Bangla, one of the national language of Bangladesh. So in this article let’s know some information about the name “Bangla”.
The name of the country used to be ‘East Pakistan’ and it is known as a part of “The Golden Land” in ancient historical guide book.

If you travel from north to south in the country, you will sometimes find yourself in a green forest. A long time ago, there was a kingdom inside the forest and its people were called Baganda people. The most famous explorer named Joan Pastner crossed that area and found the kingdom. He also wrote about his discovery in his book. The area is now known as Bangladesh and its people are identified by its modern name “Bengali”.

Flag of Bangladesh
Flag of Bangladesh

Bangladesh Climate and weather

Climate of Bangladesh is generally characterised by four seasons: summer, monsoon, post-monsoon and winter. In summer the climate is hot and dry, with average daily maximum temperatures ranging from 23 to 36 °C (73 to 96 °F) in April. The rainy season lasts from June to October and receives annual rainfall of about 180 cm (71 in), including 105 cm (41 in) from the south-west monsoon and 75 cm (30 in) from frontal storms that originate in the Bay of Bengal.

December and January are cool but milder, with daily maximum temperature ranging from 16 to 28 °C (61 to 83 °F). Warm winds blow from the Bay of Bengal during May–September which causes little humidity but brings some convective clouds; cool air from the northeast arrives at the same time and brings significant amounts of rainfall. Cyclones may occur between November and March and can bring heavy rainfalls and winds up to 175 km/h (109 mph).

Bangladesh Wildlife and biodiversity

  • The Wildlife and biodiversity of Bangladesh is extremely diverse. We have 6 species of primates, about 7% of birds, 5% of reptiles, 8% of freshwater fish, 6% of butterflies and moths, 14% of plants .Forest is all over the country but only 31 percent can be termed as dense forest. This diversity includes 230 Bengal tigers, 80 royal Bengal tigers, 600 Indian rhinos and 1400 Irrawaddy dolphins.
  • The Chittagong Hill Tracts are a geographically remote and ruggedly beautiful area in South Asia. In the northeastern part of Bangladesh, it is situated between the Arakan Yoma (Bamboo Forest) in Myanmar and the Tripura Hills in Tripura to the west. It encompasses an area of 2,430 square miles, and is home to some of the most fascinating biodiversity in South-east Asia.
  • Bangladesh is rich in wildlife and biodiversity. The Bangladeshi forest cover stands at 62% of the total land area, compared to the global average of 30%. Bangladesh is ranked 42 out of 118 countries in the list of countries by percentage forest cover.
  • Cultural diversity, Bangladesh is a wonderland for cultural diversity. The varied local dialects including ‘Rabindra-sangeet’ and ‘Nazrul geeti’, art forms, festivals and different socio-political institutions have made the country very colorful.
  • Bangladesh, the third largest Muslim country in the world, is a country of rich cultural diversity. Bangladeshis have travelled to various parts of the world and adapted themselves successfully into the culture of their host countries.
  • Bangladesh is a bustling and thriving nation in South Asia that enjoys a rich cultural heritage. In fact, it boasts one of the largest number of multicultural and multiracial population among other countries in the region. This is reflected by the fact that nearly 30% of its total population belongs to different ethnic and racial communities that are in equal parts, peaceful and inclusive.

Bangladesh Language

The local languages of Bangladesh are: Bengali, English, indigenous and small ethnic groups languages and dialects, nepali or hills language as well as Hindu religion religion and English medium language press.
Bangladesh is a country of South Asia. The Bangladesh language is the official language of the country. There are approximately 130 million people who speak Bangla language. Bangladesh, which is frequently known as “The Land of Rivers and National Park”, consists of more than 700 rivers and 4500 ponds. The city of Dhakka is the capital of Bangladesh.

Bangladesh People and Population

Bangladesh is a country located in South Asia and bordered by India, Nepal, and Bhutan. Bangladesh has a population of approximately 165 million people, making one of the most populous countries in the world. As a country grows and its population grows, individual stories of people within a country get lost in the mix, but it’s important to know those stories and understand them. There are many different types of people that live in Bangladesh and making generalizations is not fair to them.

Bangladesh is the second most populated country in South Asia, with more than 150 million people. Around 45% of the population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 per day. While the majority of the population earns less than $2 a day, it’s expected to rise up to 69% by 2050.

Religion in Bangladesh

Religion in Bangladesh is characterised by a diversity of religious practices. According to 2011 estimates, 79.8% of the population of Bangladesh is Muslim, followed by Hindus (13.4%), Buddhists (3.2%), Christians (1.5%), those who did not specify a religion (0.4%) and others(0.07%).

Bangladesh has no state religion, but Islam is the largest and state-promoted religion. Islam was declared a state religion in 1988. The majority of Bangladeshis are Muslims (88%) making it the second largest Muslim population in the world, after Indonesia. Ethnic minorities include Hindus and Buddhists (8%), Christians (1.5%) and others (1%).

Was the war in 1971 peaceful

Today, Bangladesh is seen as a peaceful country that can help solve some of the world’s biggest problems. However, during the 1971 war its independence was born out of violence and bloodshed when East Pakistan split away from its West Pakistani counterpart. Despite this, the country still considers itself one of the most peaceful on the planet. How did Bangladesh go from bloody separation to a leading promoter of international peace within such a short space of time?

For answers I went straight to the source – Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina is passionate about peace and at one stage she spent over two months in New York due to her tireless efforts in promoting world peace . She also founded the Global Ethics Summit – a conference designed for global leaders to think about effective ways to resolve global issues of the day.

Who fought in the war

Who fought in the War of Independence of Bangladesh? This is a very interesting subject for many people. There were no specific rules and regulations for the war, everyone took part.
Imagine being able to watch scenes of people fighting in a war. That’s what the television series Vietnam War Diaries is all about.

While we are used to watching the likes of Star Wars or Game of Thrones, which take place in fantasy settings, Vietnam War Diaries takes place in a war that actually happened during our lifetime. It’s a great change of pace to see what it’s like to see battle scenes on television that actually took place during our lifetimes.

How did Bangladesh win its independence?

The war of 1971 resulted in the defeat of Pakistan at the hands of Bangladesh and India. But, how did Bangladesh win its independence? Annexation of East Pakistan by West Pakistan in 1947 had created a great deal tension between the two wings that led to the war of 1971.

On 16 December 1971, nine months after it first declared its independence, Bangladesh was recognized as a sovereign nation by the Government of Pakistan. It is widely believed that the freedom of Bangladesh was the result of the nine month Liberation War which ended in December 1971.

Top 5 Events That Shaped Bangladesh History: A blog about the top 5 events that shaped the history of Bangladesh.

Bangladesh is located on the delta of the Ganges and Brahmaputra River and is surrounded by India, with a coastline of 273 km. It covers an area of 147,570 sq km (56,977 sq miles) with a population of 154 million people (2011 estimate). Bangladesh is saline affected by monsoon rains and cyclones. This article talks about the top five events that shaped Bangladesh history where I cover the following: 1: The Partition Of Bengal 2: Independence War 3: Language Movement 4: Back-to-Back Victory 5: Growth As An Emerging Economy

Mughal Empire in Bangladesh: A blog about the Mughal Empire in Bangladesh along with its history.

The Mughal Empire was a powerful Muslim empire in South Asia that ruled parts of the Indian subcontinent between the early 16th to the early 18th centuries. The empire had its roots in Chagatai Khanate, one of the Turkic Khanates that was established by Mongol conqueror Genghis Khan. The term “mughal” is derived from a Persian corruption of Mongol and literally means “Mongolian”. Although the Mughals were composed of diverse ethnic groups, including Turks and Mongols and Indigenous Indians.

The Mughal Empire was the mogul empire that ruled most of the Indian subcontinent for about three centuries. It was established by Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur. It went down in history as one of the greatest Empire’s in India. Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur was the great emperor who founded it. He was the first ruler of the Mughal Empire.

Bangladesh Independence War: A blog about the Bangladesh Independence War.

Bangladesh was born on the midnight of March 26, 1971. A day before its birth, millions of refugees from East Pakistan were already waiting across the border in India to get their own country, independent from Pakistan. Until this day, the nine months of Bangladesh Independence War (liberation War) remains the biggest man-made displacement of people in South Asia.

Bangladesh was officially made a sovereign country on December 16th, 1971. This day is known as Victory Day and celebrated as the national holiday. The following day, December 17th, is also celebrated as a special holiday by the people of Bangladesh. While the whole world was celebrating their independence on this day, the Pakistanis were not that happy about it.

Do you know where the capital of Bangladesh is located?

The capital of Bangladesh is Dhaka. It is located at 22º41′59″N 90º17′21″E. This place lies on the banks of the Buriganga River and is known as the “City of Mosques.” The city is considered to be the cultural, educational, and economic heart of Bangladesh. Dhaka was formed in 1786 when it became the capital city of Mughal Bengal, following the Battle of Plassey.

Are you aware of the population of this country?

A large part of the Bangladeshi population are not aware of this country’s population statistics. A majority of people tend to be unaware of the fact that Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. The country has a total area at about 144,998 sq km and its population is about 164,018,000 as per a 2011 census, which makes the country’s population density 1,400 people per sq km, making it one of the densest countries in the world.

Bangladesh is a country in South Asia and one of the largest countries of the world, by population density. The country shares land borders with India and Myanmar and maritime borders with the Bay of Bengal, Andaman Sea and the Indian Ocean other info.

Are you aware of the full name of Bangladesh?

Did you know that the full name of Bangladesh is The People’s Republic of Bangladesh? If you didn’t know that, then you might be surprised to learn there is more to learn about this country in South Asia.

  • Section: The country is formally known as the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
  • Section: It borders two countries, India and Myanmar.
  • Section: The government is a parliamentary democracy.
  • Section: The total area is 144,000 square miles with a population at over 156 million.
  • Section: The capital city is Dhaka.
  • Section: The official language is Bangla or Bengali (Bangla script on the right).
  • Section: There are multiple religions, but most are Sunni Muslim with Hindus being almost 15 percent of the population.
  • Section: Currency is the taka.
  • Takeaway: Bangladesh has a population twice that of Texas, but it’s comparable in size to California.

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