Find out how many types of tigers there are in the world

We Bengalis know more or less about tigers. On the contrary, if no one knows, we will be quite surprised. Because tiger is our national animal. We have heard many stories about tigers since childhood. However, the question is how many types of tigers in the world? Cheetahs, cheetahs, leopards, are they different species like tigers or lions? Are all tigers, including lions, from the same family? Don’t want to know?

Tigers image

Assalamu Alaikum Today I will discuss with you all the tigers in the world whose scientific name is Panthera Tigris. You will be most surprised to hear that new hybrids are also possible as a result of breeding in tigers and lions.

Scientific acquaintance of the tiger and members of his family

We animals all belong to the state of Animalia. Included in the Cordata episode as a vertebrate. As mammals we belong to the class Mamalia. But the tiger race with us is just that. From then on, the tiger moved to the Carnivora class. All the animals in this class are violent. Then their subclass is Feliformia. The tiger belongs to the Felidae family. They are especially divided from its subfamily. Below is a list of all kinds of animals, from their subfamilies to the species

Tigers exist on earth

There are about 4,500-5,500 wild tigers in the world, which do not live in Chiriyakhana. However, reports of this number were submitted to each country three to six years ago. At present their number may be less. There are six species of tigers in the world. The table below shows how many tigers there are in a country

Here tigers are again divided into two subspecies. One is Panthara Tigris-Tigris and the other is called Panthara Tigris Sondaika. In the first, 2 out of 6 tigers became extinct and in the second, 2 out of 3 tigers became extinct.

Bengal Tiger:

The Bengal Tiger has been found in the Indian subcontinent for about 12,000-16,000 years. However, they were first discovered in Sri Lanka about 20,000 years ago. Now the Royal Bengal Tiger has spread to three more countries including India. At present there are 2,803-3,348 in India, 300-500 in Bangladesh, 220-264 in Nepal and 89-124 in Bhutan. However, the good news is that their number is increasing day by day in India.

The fur of the Bengal tiger ranges from yellow to light orange. They have striped black spots on their body. From a distance it looks like the color of fur, but it is actually the color of their skin. Male tigers average 11-12 feet in height from head to tail and weigh up to 200-260 kg. On the other hand, a female grows to 9-10 feet in height and weighs 160-220 kg. However, in some cases, there may be exceptions. The lightest tiger found in the Sundarbans of Bangladesh is only 85 kg. However, they are the largest and strongest of the other tigers.

These tigers specialize in hunting both on water and on land. They jump on the prey, grab the prey’s trachea, and twist its neck with the force of its strong body, and do not let go until the prey’s body is relaxed. They like to hunt alone, and are only seen together during mating. The children stay with their mother for up to two years. Their diet is usually large mammals.

Such as: wild deer, bull, buffalo. However, they sometimes eat small animals such as pigs, peacocks, hedgehogs, rabbits. When they are more hungry, they eat wild bears, foxes, crocodiles, even king cobras. They do not usually attack elephants or rhinos. However, they prefer to go against the current almost all the time. Proof of this is that some tigers in India hunted a 20-year-old elephant in 2011 and a 26-year-old elephant in 2014. In 2007, tigers killed 20 rhinos.

Siberian tiger

This Siberian tiger was found in undivided Korea 10,000-12,000 years ago. However, there are now tigers in Russia (331-393) and China (18-24).

Also known as the Amur tiger, the skin color of this tiger varies from reddish to yellowish-reddish like a rust. They have long ribbon-like black spots. They are not more than 5 feet in length. Depending on the weight, males weigh 160-100 kg and females 100-160 kg. They can adapt well to snow.

They eat many animals and fish, big and small. They cover 1,000 km for hunting. It travels to more regions. Their main prey includes a variety of deer, such as the Manchurian Wapit, the Siberian Mask deer, the long-tailed gorilla, the Siberian roe deer, the Sika deer, and the bear, the Asian black bear. Small prey includes various species of rabbits, pigs and even small mice and salmon. The hunting techniques of all tigers are the same.

South Chinese tiger:

It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. The country estimated the number at 4,000-5,000 in a 1950 survey. However, in just 32 years, the number dropped below 200. In the next 5 years, in 198, the number decreased to 14-15. In 2001, the Chinese government conducted an investigation and found no evidence of its existence. However, in 2006 the remains of an Asian black bear were found in the forest. From which it can be inferred that they are not extinct.

The structure of the tiger is known from a 1905 description by the German zoologist Max Hilzheimer. He said that these tigers are 10-11 feet in height, which is equivalent to a Bengal tiger. And the weight is 100-115 kg.

They eat any muscular animal around them. They eat from pigs to deer, rabbits, peacocks etc.

Indo-Chinese tiger

Once extinct in China, the tiger has become extinct in China and Vietnam, but is also found in Myanmar, Thailand and Laos. The endangered tiger has 179 in Thailand, 85 in Myanmar and only 14 in Laos.

The skulls of Indo-Chinese tigers are smaller than those of the Bengal tiger. However, they are equal in height to the average Bengal tiger. Males weigh 150 to 195 kg and females 100 to 135 kg.

They hunt over a wide area. 12-14 tigers 2 to 26 km. Spreads and hunts. They prey on sambar deer, bunteng, guerrillas, wild boar, Asian elephants and even monkeys.

Sumatran tiger

The only surviving tiger on Sunda Island. They existed 12,000-6,000 years ago. They are named after a place where they were first found on the island of Sumatran in Indonesia. At present their number is 361. However, their population is increasing in some protected areas.

They are quite different from Bengal tiger or Bengal tiger and Javan tiger in terms of skull and structure. They are considered to be the smallest tigers. Height is 8-9 feet and weight is 100-140 kg for males and 85-110 kg for females. The color of their fur is much darker than that of the Bengal tiger.

Sumatran tigers prefer to live in forests where people have not yet done anything. Because they like to be scattered. They are kind of a little shy so they are afraid to approach people. Their prey includes Great Argus, Malayan Percopin, Malayan Tapir, Banded Pig, Indian Munzak, Sambar Deer.

Malayan tiger

They are named Malayan tigers because they are found in the Malaysian peninsula of Malay. According to the 2013 report, their number is between 250-340. Some of these tigers were once in Thailand and Singapore. However, in 1932, the last tiger in Singapore was shot dead.

Males are 7-8 feet tall and weigh 48-130 kg, while females are 7-8 feet tall and weigh around 24-6 kg. Their skin color is similar to that of Indo-Chinese tigers.

The food list of Malayan tigers includes sambar deer, barking deer, wild boar, bornein bearded pig and sero. In addition to these, they hunt sun bears, baby elephants and rhinos.

Tigers extinct from the earth

Capsian tiger:

This Capsian tiger has existed on Earth since the Middle Ages. They are found in Turkey, Iran, Mesopotamia, the Kapsian Sea, Central Asia to Afghanistan, the Chinese state of Xinjiang, and present-day Ukraine and Russia. They were seen roaming in these countries and regions till 1970.

Capsicum tigers had much brighter fur than Siberian tigers and much thinner brown spots. Males are 9-10 feet tall and usually weigh 280-240 kg and females are 8-9 feet tall and weigh 75-135 kg.

Their diet consisted mainly of wild boar, red and roe deer, bacterial deer.

Java tiger :

The extinction of them in 1980 may have been a source of great joy to the locals. They were again discovered on Sunda Island in 2006 and it was reported that the Java tiger was no longer on Earth. Their extinction is mainly due to hunting and deforestation.

They were much like the Sumatran tigers. Their black striped spots and pointed nose set them apart from other tigers. The males were about 10 feet tall and weighed 100-141 kg. The women, on the other hand, weighed 8-9 feet and weighed 75-115 kg.

Their prey was Javan rusa, bunteng, wild boar, and occasionally some aquatic birds and some reptiles.

Sand tiger:

After the last search in Sunda Island in 2016, it was announced that this sand tiger, which lasted for 11,000-12,000 years, is no more. Although they were last seen in the late 1930s, many say they may have survived to 1940-1950.

After reviewing their skins and skulls preserved in the museum, the German zoologist measured the skins of the males and found that their height was 8-9 and they could weigh 90-100 kg. Similarly, women can be 7-8 feet tall and weigh 75-80 kg.

Their food list was most likely mangrove animals.

Prehistoric fossils:

The old tiger skulls and pebbles found so far are called prehistoric fossils. Now I will talk about some lost tigers.

Gandong Tiger: Their bones can be found in the Sundarbans of Indonesia. They were usually larger in size than any tiger of the present era.

Trinil tiger:

They were discovered in Java, Indonesia. They are thought to have become extinct about 50,000 years ago. Their remains are now housed in the National Museum of the Netherlands. They survived in Indonesia for about 1.7 million years.

Acutiden tiger:

In the Chinese province of Sichuan, some of their American students found the fossil of this tiger. Its fossils are now preserved in the American Natural Resources Museum.


Fossils were recovered in 2004 from a small village in Gansu Province. They roamed the earth about 20-30 million years ago.

Bornean Tiger:

This tiger, found in the Bornean region, lived on Earth 4-6 million years ago. Their bones are found in several parts of the world, including Asia.

Hybrid tiger :

The new species that emerges as a result of the union of tigers and lions is called a hybrid tiger. When we meet ligers, male lions and female tigers, we get them. They grow in size from both parents. Liger is good at swimming like a tiger. The tigon, on the other hand, is the fruit of the union of a male tiger and a female lion. They are smaller in size than both mother and father. However, many of them mistakenly think that they are dwarfs, which is certainly not right. Tigons carry two species of genes and are different from other tigers or lions.

Mutant tigers :

White tiger or snow white tiger and golden tiger. Have you heard their names? These three colored tigers are formed when different colored tigers are mated. The white tiger is a mutant of our Bengal tiger. But now they are not seen in the forest. The last white tiger was killed in 1958. However, 200 white Bengal tigers have been bred in India in the same manner. However, they are very weak in nature and do not live long. The golden tiger is also a Bengal tiger. If they are not in the forest, they are watching 30 golden tigers in India. The black tiger is also a very rare tiger that is not commonly seen.

Tigers are what people like to eat

Not usually. Older tigers, which are unable to hunt for self-defense when they suddenly realize the existence of a human being, and even tigers that have tasted blood at a young age, are the main culprits. And when the tigers are hungry, they may not even let go of their big cats, such as cheetahs, lions, and jaguars.

Why they are on the verge of extinction

People have cut down tiger habitats for their daily needs. He killed them and even ate them as his own food. They have made their skin the beauty of their home. He also competed to kill tigers. Due to their negligence, the tiger is now on the verge of extinction.

By destroying the tiger’s ecosystem, acre after acre has planted only one type of tree. So that the food crisis of the tiger prey has been created and due to the lack of food they have gradually become extinct and the tiger has attacked the people without finding any way. Thus began the struggle for life and death for tigers and humans.


Tiger skin is also striped

The fur of the tiger’s body has distinctive and ornate striped spots. But these striped spots are not limited to the hairs on their skin. It is also found in the lower body of the fur. This striped spot on the skin of the body is actually the normal color of their skin.

So if you scratch the fur of the tiger’s body, you can see striped spots on their skin. However, they have less spots on their skin than fur. Just as each human has its own unique fingerprint, so too does the tiger’s striped mark. There are no two tigers in the animal kingdom with striped spots of the same pattern. As a result, tigers can easily identify each other.

The tiger’s tongue is very sharp and rough

A tiger’s tongue is so rough or uneven that it can easily lick the flesh attached to any bone. The tiger’s tongue has sharp and tiny thorn-like strings, called papillae. Not just the tip of the tongue, but the entire tiger’s tongue has these tiny, hard, hook-like papillae. These papillae make the tiger’s tongue so rough and rough that if a tiger licks a person’s skin a few times, the skin will bleed. These also help the tiger to tear the flesh of its prey and remove the feathers from the prey’s body.

The prey is sometimes paralyzed by the roar of the tiger

The roar of a tiger is almost equivalent to the sound of thunder. A few roars of the tiger are enough to make the prey temporarily numb and useless. These large cats have a kind of ‘vocal fold’ under the vocal cords. The vibrating sound of this vocal fold is the main reason for the tiger’s skyrocketing roar.

Tigers mainly produce two types of roar. One kind of roar people hear, the other man does not hear. People usually do not hear the roar of low levels and frequencies. And it is this kind of roar that can travel far and wide, passing through various buildings, dense forests, mountains, and even bones. This roar causes a kind of frost or chill when traveling through the body of the prey, which also has the power to freeze or numb the prey. And just like that, the tiger uses its short length and frequency roar to numb the prey.

A tiger weighs more than 100 kg more than a lion

Judging from the outside, it seems that a tiger and a lion are about the same size physically and are thought to be equally strong. But in the real sense, tigers are more ferocious than lions. On an average, a tiger weighs 360 kg, whereas an African lion weighs around 250 kg. As well as having muscular and lean bodies, tigers are stronger than lions. Because of their fat bodies, lions have almost always lost to tigers.

Once upon a time, a tiger just hit a lion’s neck with a single claw. However, the type of fight between tigers and lions is not the same. Tigers are well-known for their precision and speed of attack. Their purpose is to kill. Lions, on the other hand, prefer to roar rather than attack and chase and stab their prey.

Tigers see 6 times more clearly at night than humans

Tigers have a very strong night-vision. Most animals lose their eyesight at night. As a result, tigers easily hunt those animals at night. They have relatively more ‘rod cells’ in their eyes (Rod, which enhances the ability to see at night) but on the other hand have fewer ‘no cells’ (cone, which helps to increase vision during daylight or bright light and see colored objects). As a result, a tiger can see clearly at night but sees less during the day than humans.

Moreover, the tiger’s eyes are brighter than any other wild animal. Their eyes have a special type of membrane that reflects a tremendous amount of light through the retina. Like humans, tigers have two eyes located on the tip of their head, which gives them three-dimensional vision. It also gives them the opportunity to hunt.

Tigers prefer to spend time alone

Tigers like solitude. They are not social creatures at all. The tiger is mainly seen guarding its own territory and living there alone. The tiger has lost the title of ‘King of the Forest’ to the lion because of its solitude. After birth, tiger cubs stay in their mother’s shelter for the first 8 to 10 weeks. This is the time when they live together. When they learn to move on their own, they leave their mother and choose an area of ​​their own. Male tigers go out in search of new areas as well as tigers. The tigers, on the other hand, spend their lives in their own area. Other information here. and more info Wiki cheek

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